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What you should know about changes regarding the Certification of Origin

If you export to the United States or Mexico, your importer needs to be able to present a Certificate of Origin if requested by its customs administration in order for your products to benefit the preferential treatment in the Canada–United States–Mexico Agreement (CUSMA).

The certification of origin process has been simplified with CUSMA. The former NAFTA form has been replaced with a new origin‑certification process that is no longer a prescribed form but a set of data elements that can be captured on an invoice or any other document. Even better, this certification of origin may be completed, signed and submitted electronically.

There are nine elements required at a minimum to claim origin under CUSMA:

Check out the Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) page that describes the new requirements for more information and an example of a valid CUSMA certification of origin.

Traders are encouraged to apply for an advance ruling from the appropriate customs authority, such as the CBSA for Canadian importers or the U.S. Customs authorities for Canadian exporters, to determine how their goods will be treated when imported into one of the CUSMA parties.

As with all of Canada’s free‑trade agreements, the ultimate responsibility to provide records to substantiate that a good meets the rule of origin falls to whomever completes the certification of origin.

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