State trade fact sheets - Minnesota
- 219 Canadian-owned businesses employ 31,481 workers in Minnesota
- Canada is the #1 customer for most states,
- Over 76% of U.S. imports from Canada are goods that are used in the production of other goods
- Minnesota sells more goods to Canada than to its next two largest foreign markets combined â€” China & Mexico
Jason Charles, one of Pipeline Foods’ founders. Photo: Pipeline Foods
Food Supply in the Pipeline
Pipeline Foods was founded in Minneapolis, Minnesota as the first U.S.-based supply chain solutions company focused exclusively on increasing global demand for sustainable and reliable sources of organic, non-GMO and regeneratively- grown food. Pipeline purchases grains from about 1,100 farmers in Western Canada — a key region for sourcing high demand small grains — and sources from another 1,800 farmers in the United States, including in Iowa and the upper Midwest region. Canada’s well-run agricultural programs and partnerships with farm credit agencies provide a stable environment for investment, and reciprocity of organic regulations between the U.S. and Canada is important to Pipeline. Early in its history, Pipeline established a regional headquarters team in Winnipeg, Manitoba, and acquired two grain elevator facilities in Saskatchewan that the company converted for organic and non-GMO handling. More recently, Pipeline purchased the specialty and organic corn and soybean business from Ontario-based SunOpta and has aspirations of continued growth throughout the region.
In Central Minnesota, Ensuring No Waste Goes to Waste
The City of St. Cloud, Minnesota, in partnership with Vancouver-based Ostara and Ontario-based Lystek, has implemented a project to convert its waste streams into valuable fertilizer for farmers. Through the Nutrient Recovery and Reuse project, Ostara strips nutrients from waste to extract high-quality fertilizer pellets, while Lystek converts residual solid waste to liquid fertilizer. The project helps prevent overloading of nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus into the Mississippi River and other local waterways, recovers valuable materials from the waste stream, reduces energy use and returns clean water to the environment.
Canada and the U.S.: There for Each Other
In 2020, Canada and the U.S. again worked together as the COVID-19 pandemic took hold across the world. Canada and the U.S. preserved supply chains across the border, deeming trucking essential. Canada and the U.S. traded important inputs for the production of personal protective equipment and medical equipment, maintaining a thriving bilateral trade in finished goods. Soon after the outbreak, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research began awarding grants to joint research projects proposed by Canadian and U.S. institutions to try and find an end to the virus.
No matter our shared challenges and as we have done in times of crisis, Canada and the U.S. will continue to support one another as friends, partners and allies.
Minnesota exports $4.8 billion in goods to Canada annually
Minnesota exports to Canada by industry
- Agriculture: 13%
- Chemicals: 4%
- Energy: 21%
- Equipment & machinery: 24%
- Forest products: 3%
- Minerals & metals: 15%
- Plastics & rubbers: 3%
- Transportation: 14%
- Other: 3%
Minnesota imports $7.5 billion in goods from Canada annually
Minnesota imports from Canada by industry
- Agriculture: 9%
- Chemicals: 5%
- Energy: 54%
- Equipment & machinery: 6%
- Forest products: 8%
- Minerals & metals: 6%
- Plastics & rubbers: 4%
- Transportation: 5%
- Other: 3%
Top Minnesota goods exports to Canada
- Fuel oil: $1.0 billion
- Ores, slag & ash: $294 million
- Optical, medical & precision instruments: $242 million
- Automobiles: $212 million
- Plastics & plastic articles: $155 million
- Iron & steel tubes, pipes & sheets: $149 million
- Beverages & alcohol: $130 million
- Animal feed & food industry residues: $98 million
- Pasta, breads & cereal preparations: $95 million
- Electric motors & generators: $92 million
Top Minnesota goods imports from Canada
- Crude petroleum: $3.3 billion
- Electricity: $393 million
- Natural gas & other gases: $327 million
- Plastics & plastic articles: $282 million
- Softwood lumber: $255 million
- Fertilizers: $218 million
- Iron & steel alloys & semi-finished products: $208 million
- Cereals: $149 million
- Wood & semi-finished wood products: $142 million
- Live animals: $127 million
Minnesota exports $1.1 billion in services to Canada annually
Top Minnesota services exports to Canada
- Business & Professional Services: $319 million
- Transportation Services: $200 million
- Travel Services: $193 million
- Financial Services: $151 million
- Royalties: $116 million
For more information on Minnesotaâ€™s trade with Canada, please contact our trade team in Minneapolis.
- Unless otherwise mentioned, all figures are based on 2020 data in U.S. dollars.
- U.S. Census Bureau: goods trade, Canadaâ€™s export ranking (2/2021 release).
- The Trade Partnership: 2019 services exports (estimated, 2/2021 release).
- Dun + Bradstreet: Canadian-owned businesses (3/2021 release).
- Figures may not add up due to rounding.
- Date Modified: