Energy market in Iraq

Industry highlights


of Iraq’s export revenue is from the export of oil

46.5bn kWh

Iraq’s total consumption of  electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 1,045 kWh.


Oil & Gas sector contribution to Iraq’s GDP


Iraq’s production surpasses 4.6 million barrels per day.

$ 1.7bn USD

Capex for advanced Energy projects in 2024


International Oil / Energy Companies currently operating in Iraq including: BP, Shell, Exxon, Total energies, ENI, etc.


Employees work within Energy sector Iraqi Ministry of Oil.


Total value of Iraqi Oil  exports in 2022


of the Iraqi government’s budget comes from the Oil & Gas sector revenues.

Iraq ranks among the top ten natural resources rich nations in the world. Iraq’s terrain holds petroleum, natural gas, phosphates and sulfur. Iraq is the second-largest crude oil producer in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). It ranks as the world’s fifth-largest holder of proved crude oil reserves. Iraq depends on the export of crude oil for 95% of its revenues.

Key opportunities for Canadian energy companies in Iraq

Notable challenges for Canadian energy companies in Iraq

Iraq’s business landscape

Iraq has a young population with 60% of its 42+ million population being less than 22 years of age. It is a developing country and is encumbered by growing energy needs such as:

Iraq has a gross Domestic Product (GDP) of over $264 billion, rising domestic energy consumption, a shortfall of at least 11-13 Gigawatts (GW) of production capacity and is continuously growing. For international investors, Iraq presents a land of opportunities, whether in oil and gas, renewable energy, or emissions capture projects.

Iraq's current primary energy mix comprises natural gas, heavy fuel oil and hydropower. Iraq plans to shift towards renewable energy for up to 50% of its energy generation by 2030.

International financial institutions like World Bank, IMF, UNDP are actively funding numerous solar, water/wastewater treatment and transmission upgrade projects across the country.

The main seaports in Iraq are located in Basra province (Um Qasser) in the south of the country. Also, the Al-Faw Seaport, a trade hub, is under construction.

In May 2023 the Iraqi Prime Minister announced “The development road or the dry canal” project. This Iraqi project links between Türkiye in the north and the Arabian Gulf in the south to transport goods between the Gulf and Europe by rail and roads. The project will serve the region economically and will transport goods from Europe to the Gulf and vice versa through Iraq. The project costs total 17 billion US dollars and will be completed in record time, beginning  in 2024 thru 2028.

Upcoming projects and events


Iraq is an attractive market for foreign investment and offers rich geological potential and massive opportunities. The Iraqi market presents huge potential for Energy & Cleantech business development.

For more information on Oil & Gas and or Cleantech in the Iraqi market, please contact Trade Commissioner, Ali Aziz

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